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The Boot Process

GUI Boot process: Start up scripts are in /etc/init.d. The script that runs depends on the run level. Run levels are:

  • 0 - system halt - the computer will power off immediately when this run level is reached
  • 1 - single user or troubleshooting mode
  • 2 thru 5 - normal/multi-user modes (2 is the default)
  • 6 - reboot the system

The system will go into a run level S when it is in between run levels

Each run level has a corresponding directory under the /etc directory.

  • /etc/rc0.d - run level 0
  • /etc/rc1.d - run level 1
  • /etc/rc2.d - run level 2
  • /etc/rc3.d - run level 3
  • /etc/rc4.d - run level 4
  • /etc/rc5.d - run level 5
  • /etc/rc6.d - run level 6

The files in each of these folders are symbolic links to corresponding files in the etc/init.d directory and controls the starting or stopping of a program of service (deamon). To add a starup script use update rc.d

The links in theses folders are named systematically. The Names begin with a letter S for start or K for Kill followed by a number. The number is to ensure the propper order of execution. The last part of the file name is the corresponding file name int the etc/init.d folder. All K file are run first in thier numeric order, followed by all S files.

CREATED 2012-11-17 03:28:21.0


UPDATED 2012-11-17 03:28:25.0


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